http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/issue/feed Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH) 2022-11-14T04:07:02+00:00 Achmad Arifiyanto achmad.arifiyanto@fmipa.unila.ac.id Open Journal Systems <h2><a style="background-color: #ffffff; font-size: 14px;" href="http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/management/settings/jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/solma/announcement/view/9">INFORMATION</a></h2> <article class="obj_announcement_summary"> <div class="summary"> <ol> <li class="show"><strong>Journal Name: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH) </strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Print ISSN</strong><strong>:</strong> <strong><a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1370585899&amp;1&amp;&amp;">2338-4344</a></strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Online ISSN</strong><strong>:</strong> <strong><a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1568186656&amp;1&amp;&amp;">2686-200X</a></strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Frequency</strong><strong>: </strong>2 issue per tahun (<strong>Juni</strong> dan <strong>Nopember</strong>)</li> <li class="show"><strong>Total article:</strong> 10-12 artikel per issue</li> <li class="show"><strong>DO</strong><strong>I:</strong> <strong><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2614-1531">10.23960</a></strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Editor in Chief:</strong> <strong><a href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=BOZ3GE8AAAAJ&amp;hl=en">Dr. Bambang Irawan, M.Sc.</a></strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Email Journal: </strong>achmad.arifiyanto@fmipa.unila.ac.id</li> <li class="show"><strong>Website:</strong><a title="Halaman website" href="https://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh"> http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>Publisher</strong><strong>:</strong> Jurusan Biologi Fakultas MIPA Universitas Lampung bekerjasama dengan Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia</li> <li class="show"><strong>Country:</strong> Indonesia</li> <li class="show"><strong>Language:</strong> Indonesian and English.</li> <li class="show"><strong>Open Access:</strong> Ya</li> <li class="show"><strong>Article Publication Charge (APC) :</strong> Ya</li> <li class="show"><strong>Review:</strong> Double Blind Peer Review</li> <li class="show"><strong>Recommended Tools:</strong> Ya (<strong>Crossref Similarity Check (iThenticate)</strong><strong> dan</strong> <strong>Grammarly)</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Full-text Archives:</strong> <a href="http://www.lockss.org/">LOCKSS</a> and <a href="http://clockss.org/">CLOCKSS</a></li> <li><strong>Science and Technology <em>Index</em> (<em>SINTA</em>):</strong> Terindeks <a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/detail?id=8468">S-4 </a>berdasarkan Hasil Akreditasi Jurnal Ilmiah Periode II Tahun 2021 dan telah diterbitkannya Surat Keputusan Direktur Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi, Riset, dan Teknologi Nomor 164/E/KPT/2021, tanggal 27 Desember 2021 tentang Peringkat Akreditasi Jurnal Ilmiah periode II Tahun 2021.</li> </ol> </div> </article> http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/article/view/199 Diversity of Rodentia and Scandentia Species in the Batutegi Protected Forest, Tanggamus Lampung 2022-11-09T23:22:20+00:00 Romekardo Sitopu romekardositopu4saudara@gmail.com Nuning Nurcahyani nuning.nurcahyani@fmipa.unila.ac.id Gina Dania Pratami ginadaniapratami@gmail.com M Kanedi wegayendi@gmail.com <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="300"> <p>Mamalia kecil seperti Rodentia dan Scandentia adalah salah satu satwa liar yang sering dianggap sebagai hama perusak, sehingga kurang dijaga kelestariannya. Keberadaan Rodentia dan Scandentia dalam ekosistem sangat penting antara lain sebagai sarana penyebaran biji tumbuh-tumbuhan, dan sebagai kontrol terhadap serangga. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di kawasan Hutan Lindung Batutegi Tanggamus Lampung mulai bulan Mei sampai Juni 2021. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman, perilaku, dan, faktor lingkungan yang mempengaruhi keberadaan jenis Rodentia dan Scandentia di kawasan Hutan Lindung Batutegi Tanggamus Lampung. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survei dengan teknik <em>purposive sampling</em> yaitu dengan mencari lokasi ditemukannya Rodentia dan Scandentia, data yang diperoleh ditampilkan dalam bentuk tabel dan gambar serta dihitung indeks keanekaragamannya dengan menggunakan indeks keanekaragaman Shannon-Wiener dan indeks kemerataan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, nilai indeks keanekaragaman jenis di blok inti adalah H’= 2,772 termasuk dalam kategori sedang yang terdiri dari sebanyak 26 jenis yang ditemukan. Nilai indeks keanekaragaman jenis di blok pemanfaatan adalah H’= 1,596 yang terdiri dari 15 jenis yang ditemukan. Nilai indeks tersebut tergolong dalam kategori sedang, dimana nilai indeks tersebut tidak lebih dari H’= 3. Nilai indeks kemerataan pada blok inti adalah E= 0,851 tergolong dalam kategori tinggi dengan komunitas stabil, sedangkan pada blok pemanfaatan adalah E= 0,59 tergolong dalam kategori sedang dengan komunitas labil. Hal tersebut dipengaruhi oleh sumber pakan, habitat, dan faktor adanya aktivitas manusia. Aktivitas perilaku satwa yang ditemukan lebih banyak terdapat pada waktu pagi hari dari suku Sciuridae, Tupaiidae pada waktu sore hari, dan suku Muridae dan Hystricidae pada waktu malam hari (nokturnal).</p> <p> </p> <p>Kata kunci: hutan lindung Batutegi, indeks keanekaragaman, indeks kemerataan,<em> purposive sampling</em>, Rodentia, Scandentia,</p> </td> <td width="300"> <p><em>Small mammals such as Rodentia and Scandentia are one of the wild animals that are often considered as destructive pests, so that their sustainability is not maintained. The existence of Rodentia and Scandentia in the ecosystem is very important, among others, as a means of dispersal of plant seeds, and as a control against insects. This research was conducted in the Batutegi Tanggamus Protected Forest area, Lampung from May to June 2021. This study aims to determine the diversity, behavior, andenvironmental factors that influence the presence of Rodentia and Scandentia species in the Batutegi Tanggamus Protected Forest area, Lampung. The method used in this study is a survey method with purposive sampling technique, namely by finding the location where Rodentia and Scandentia were found, the data obtained are displayed in tables and figures and the diversity index is calculated using the Shannon-Wiener diversity index and evenness index. Based on the results of the study, the value of the species diversity index in the core block was H'= 2.772 which was included in the medium category which consisted of as many as 26 species were found. The value of the species diversity index in the utilization block is H'= 1,596 which consists of 15 species found. The index value belongs to the medium category, where the index value is not more than H'= 3. The evenness index value in the core block is E= 0.851 belonging to the high category with a stable community. Meanwhile, in the utilization block, E= 0.59 belongs to the medium category with unstable community. This is influenced by food sources, habitats, and human activities. Animal behavior activities were found to be mostly found in the morning from the Sciuridae tribe, Tupaiidae in the afternoon, and the Muridae and Hystricidae tribes at night (nocturnal).</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Batutegi protected forest, diversity index, evenness index, purposive sampling, Rodentia, Scandentia. </em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-11-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH) http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/article/view/215 Salt Stress Resistance of In Vitro Selection Results-Moon Orchid (Phalaenopsis amabilis (L.) Blume) 2022-11-09T23:24:01+00:00 Endang Nurcahyani endang.nurcahyani@fmipa.unila.ac.id Dwi Septiani septianidwi292@gmail.com Yulianty Yulianty yulianty@fmipa.unila.ac.id Mahfut Mahfut mahfut@fmipa.unila.ac.id <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="300"> <p>Anggrek bulan adalah satu jenis anggrek yang banyak diminati karena mempunyai keindahan yang dapat dilihat dari ukuran, bentuk, dan warna–warni bunganya sehingga menjadikan produksi anggrek bulan meningkat, tetapi terdapat kendala lahan pertanian yang semakin luas dialihfungsikan ke sektor lainnya dan lahan kurang produktif akibat cekaman garam atau salinitas. Salah satu cara alternatif yang efisien dan efektif untuk mengatasi cekaman garam yaitu dengan menggunakan varietas yang toleran terhadap cekaman garam dengan agen seleksi yaitu NaCl. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan tingkat konsentrasi NaCl yang toleran terhadap anggrek bulan dan menentukan tingkatan resistensi anggrek bulan terhadap cekaman garam (NaCl) secara in vitro. Rancangan percobaan pada penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan 5 taraf konsentrasi NaCl 0 % ; 0,25 % ; 0,50 % ; 0,75 %, dan 1 % pada medium Vacin and Went. Parameter yang diamati yaitu, persentase jumlah planlet, visualisasi planlet, tinggi, jumlah daun, indeks stomata, berat basah, kandungan klorofil, dan indeks resistensi cekaman garam. Data kuantitatif dari setiap parameter dianalisis dengan menggunakan Analisis Ragam pada taraf nyata 5% dan uji lanjut dengan Uji Tukey pada taraf nyata 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat konsentrasi NaCl 0,25% sampai 0,50% yang ditoleransi oleh tanaman anggrek bulan secara in vitro terdapat pada kisaran 0,25-0,5 dikategorikan cekaman sedang, sedangkan konsentrasi NaCl 0,75% sampai 1% terdapat pada kisaran 0,5-1,0 yang dikategorikan cekaman berat dan tingkatan resistensi anggrek bulan seluruh konsentrasi adalah resistensi moderat.</p> <p> </p> <p>Kata kunci: cekaman garam, NaCl, <em>Phalaenopsis amabilis</em> (L.) Blume, resistensi, seleksi in vitro,</p> </td> <td width="300"> <p><em>Moon orchid is the one of orchids that most people like because it has a beauty that can be seen on its size, shape, and its colors so that it makes the production of moon orchid becoming increase, but has a problem such as the larger of agricultural land that converted into other sector, the land becomes less productive because of the salt stress or salinity. The one alternative way that efficient and effective to overcome the salt stress is with using varieties that are tolerant to salt stress with selection agent such as NaCl. This research aims to determine the level of of NaCl concentrations that are tolerant to moon orchid and determine the level of resistance of moon orchid with the salt stress by in vitro. The experimental design of this research used completely randomized design with 5 concentration level NaCl 0%; 0,25%; 0,50%; 0,75%; and 1% in Vacin and Went medium. Parameters observed were plantlet percentage, plantlet visualization, height, number of leaves, stomata index, wet weight, chlorophyll content, and salt stress resistance index. The quantitative data from each parameter is analyzed by using Analysis of Variance at 5% significance level and further test with Tukey test at the significant level 5%. The result of this research showed that the concentration level of NaCl 0,25% to 0,50% that tolerated by moon orchid plants by in vitro was in the range of 0,25 - 0,5 categorized by moderate stress, and 0,75% to 1% was in the range 0,5 – 1,0 that categorized with severe stress and the resistance level of the whole concentration in moon orchid is moderate resistance.</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p>Keywords: NaCl, <em>Phalaenopsis amabilis </em>(L.) Blume<em>, </em>selection in vitro<em>, </em>salt stress, resistance</p> <p><em> </em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-11-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH) http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/article/view/228 Isolation and Identification of Entomopathogenic Fungi from Teak Leaf Little Soil and Paddy Soil with Various Isolation Methods 2022-11-09T23:23:58+00:00 Wahyu Aji Mahardhika mahardhikaaji@gmail.com Gendis Angger Pitaloka mahardhikaaji@gmail.com Rizky Nurcahyo mahardhikaaji@gmail.com Isworo Rukmi mahardhikaaji@gmail.com Agung Suprihadi mahardhikaaji@gmail.com <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="300"> <p>Abstrak</p> </td> <td width="300"> <p>Abstract</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="300"> <p>Kapang entomopatogen merupakan kapang yang memiliki kemampuan untuk menginfeksi serangga. Kapang tersebut dapat menginfeksi dengan cara penembusan hifa ke tubuh serangga inang melalui kulit, saluran pencernaan, spirakel dan lubang lainnya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengisolasi dan mengidentifkasi kapang entomopatogen pada tanah serasah daun jati dan tanah sawah dengan metode isolasi yang berbeda. Metode isolasi kapang entomopatogen menggunakan metode <em>insect bait</em>, <em>insect bait</em> dengan pengayakan tanah, dan metode pengenceran. Serangga yang digunakan untuk uji larva <em>Tenebrio molitor</em>. Isolasi tanah sawah berhasil menumbuhkan kapang entomopatogen pada tubuh larva Tenebrio molitor ditandai dengan adanya miselium kapang menutupi tubuh larva. Hasil isolasi didapatkan 6 isolat yaitu S2A, S2B, S2C, S3A, S3B, S3C. Keenam isolat tersebut merupakan kapang <em>Fusarium</em> sp.</p> <p> </p> <p>Kata kunci: <em>Fusarium</em> sp., identifikasi, isolasi, kapang Entomopatogen, <em>T. molitor</em></p> </td> <td width="300"> <p><em>Entomopathogenic fungi are molds that have the ability to infect insects. The mold can infect by penetrating the hyphae into the host insect's body through the skin, digestive tract, spiracles, and other holes. The purpose of this study was to isolat and identified entomopathogenic molds in teak leaf litter and paddy fields with different isolation methods. The isolation method of entomopathogenic molds used the insect bait method, insect bait with soil sieving, and the dilution method—insects used for the larval test of Tenebrio molitor. Isolation of paddy fields succeeded in growing entomopathogenic molds on the larval body of Tenebrio molitor, which was indicated by the presence of mold mycelium covering the larval body. The isolation results obtained 6 isolats, namely S2A, S2B, S2C, S3A, S3B, S3C. The six isolats were Fusarium sp.</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Entomopathogenic fungi, Fusarium sp., Identification, Isolation, T. molitor</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-11-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH) http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/article/view/247 Study of Large Ruminants Diversity in Java at Eighth Century Based on Borobudur Temple Reliefs 2022-11-09T23:23:52+00:00 Galy Hardyta galy@untidar.ac.id Yosephine Laura Raynardia Esti Nugrahini yosephine.laura@untidar.ac.id Fransiska Dian Ekarini fr.dian.ekarini@gmail.com Natalia Dewi Setyowening nataliadewi022@gmail.com Elisa hildaf354@gmail.com <p><em>Large ruminants, consisting of cattle and buffalo, have played an important role in human life from the past to the present. Information about the utilization of large ruminants was often found in inscriptions in ancient Java. Unfortunately, the diversity of these large ruminants was not described in detail. The reliefs of the temples can be used as a consideration in understanding the diversity of large ruminants based on the morphological characteristics carved in the reliefs. Borobudur Temple, a historical building from the 8th century AD which was rich in reliefs, can be used as a data source to find information about the diversity of the large ruminants in Java. The aims of this study was to find the diversity of the large ruminants in Java in the 8th century based on the reliefs at Borobudur Temple. The research was conducted by observing various large ruminant images contained in the reliefs of Borobudur Temple. The results of the observations were interpreted and clustered based on their morphological characteristics. The results showed that there were ten relief panels containing images of cattle and nine relief panels containing images of buffalo. Based on the observed morphological characteristics, it could be concluded that there was only one breed of cattle and buffalo, respectively zebu (Bos indicus) and wild buffalo (Bubalus arnee).</em></p> 2022-11-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH) http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/article/view/240 Effectiveness of Sprout Extract (Vigna radiata) as a Sunscreen Material Using Uv-Vis Spectrophotometer 2022-11-09T23:23:56+00:00 Greny Mispi Anisa Sari grennysari@gmail.com Andi Anwar anwarandi511@gmail.com <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="300"> <p>Paparan sinar ultraviolet (UV) dari matahari dalam waktu yang lama dapat menyebabkan kerusakan kulit akut seperti tanning, kulit kemerahan atau eritema dan sunburn. Sehingga diperlukan sediaan tabir surya untuk melindungi kulit dari dampak buruk sinar UV. Pada penelitian ini, dibuat sunscreen dengan ekstrak kecambah, dimana diketahui bahwa kecambah memiliki kandungan asam amino leusin, arginin, isoleusin, valin, lisin, dan antioksidan yang cukup tinggi. Kandungan ini bermanfaat bagi tubuh dan baik untuk kesehatan kulit. Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji efektivitas ekstrak kecambah (<em>Vigna radiata</em>) sebagai bahan sunscreen dengan metode menggunakan alat spektrofotometer Uv-Vis. Kecambah diekstraksi dengan etanol 95% kemudian dilakukan pengukuran nilai SPF menggunakan spektrofotometer Uv-Vis dengan panjang gelombang antara 290-320 nm. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa ekstrak kecambah nilai SPF yang didapatkan adalah 23 yang termasuk kedalam kategori perlindungan sedang.</p> <p> </p> <p>Kata kunci: <em>spektrofotometer, SPF, sunscreen,Vigna radiata, Uv-Vis, </em></p> </td> <td width="300"> <p><em>Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun for a long time can cause acute skin damage such as tanning, erythema, and sunburn. So, it is necessary to prepare sunscreen to protect the skin from the adverse effects of UV rays. In this study, a sunscreen was made with sprout extract, where it was found that the sprouts contained high levels of the amino acids, leucine, arginine, isoleucine, valine, lysine, and antioxidants. This content is beneficial for the body and good for skin health. This study aimed to test the effectiveness of sprout extract (Vigna radiata) as a sunscreen ingredient by using a Uv-Vis spectrophotometer. Sprouts were extracted with 95% ethanol and then the SPF value was measured using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer with a wavelength between 290-320 nm. The results showed that the sprout extract SPF value obtained was 23 which was included in the category of moderate protection.</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p><em>Keywords: spectrophotometer, SPF, sunscreen, Uv-Vis, Vigna radiata</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-11-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH) http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/article/view/267 Physical Quality Characteristics of Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora Beans 2022-11-09T23:25:46+00:00 Ika Priantari ikapriantari@unmuhjember.ac.id Hendy Firmanto ikapriantari@unmuhjember.ac.id <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="300"> <p>Komoditas kopi merupakan komoditas yang banyak digemari dengan <em>Coffea arabica </em>dan <em>Coffea canephora </em>sebagai kopi yang sering kali dibudidayakan di Indonesia<em>. </em>Kopi harus memenuhi kualitas Standar Nasional Indonesia, karenanya pada penelitian ini ditempuh metode identifikasi mutu kopi mengacu pada (SNI) 2907-2008. Sampel dalam penelitian ini yaitu kopi arabika (<em>Coffea arabica</em>) varietas Andungsari 2K (AS 2K), Komasti (Komposit Andungsari), serta kopi robusta (<em>Coffea canephora</em>) asal KP Kaliwining dan KP Sumberasin (SA). Hasil data penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kopi arabika hasil panen 2021 sesuai dengan uji mutu fisik SNI 01-02907-2008, varietas Andungsari 2K masuk dalam kategori mutu 2, dan Komasti masuk dalam kategori mutu 2. Kopi robusta hasil panen 2021 berdasarkan uji fsik sesuai dengan SNI 01-02907-2008, BP 308 masuk dalam kategori mutu 3, dan SA 237 masuk dalam kategori mutu 6.</p> <p> </p> <p>Kata kunci: <em>Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, </em>karakteristik fisik, kualitas biji</p> </td> <td width="300"> <p><em>Coffee is a very popular commodity, with Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora being the most commonly cultivated coffees in Indonesia. Coffee must meet the quality requirements of the Indonesian National Standard, so the method of determining coffee quality used in this study is (SNI) 2907-2008. The arabica coffee (Coffea arabica) Andungsari 2K varieties (AS 2K), Komasti (Andungsari Composites), and robusta coffee (Coffea canephora) clones of KP Kaliwining and KP Sumberasin were used in this study (SA). According to the findings of the research, arabica coffee harvested in 2021 meets the physical quality test of SNI 01-02907-2008, the Andungsari 2K variety is in quality category 2, and Komasti is in quality category 2.</em></p> <p> </p> <p>Keywords: <em>Bean quality, Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, physical characteristics </em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-11-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH) http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/article/view/269 Isolation and Characterization of Pathogenic Microbes Origin in Strawberry (Fragaria sp.) Based on Koch's Postulates 2022-11-09T23:23:45+00:00 Rizal Koen Asharo koenindo@gmail.com Reni Indrayanti koenindo@gmail.com Aldira Putri Damayanti koenindo@gmail.com Hilda Arsyah Eka Putri koenindo@gmail.com Saskia Nabilah koenindo@gmail.com Pinta Omas Pasaribu koenindo@gmail.com <p><em>Strawberry (Fragaria sp.) is a horticultural plant originating from the Americas. Strawberries have a distinctive sweet and refreshing taste, and contain lots of vitamins and antioxidants that are useful for body health. But strawberries are also easily damaged. This damage can be caused by spoilage microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi that can grow if conditions permit such as the presence of appropriate temperature and humidity conditions. In this experiment, aims to isolate pathogenic microorganisms that cause disease in symptomatic strawberries and prove that these pathogens actually cause disease using Koch's Postulates method and then descriptive analysis is carried out. From the experimental results, it was found that soft rot disease in strawberries was characterized by rotten fruit parts that looked wet, slightly brownish in color, slimy, there were fine white threads and emitted a foul odor with a percentage of IP (disease occurrence) of 100% and KP (disease severity) of 92.66% where based on the score the damage was the highest.</em></p> 2022-11-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH) http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/article/view/271 Preference of Feed Species for the Sulawesi Digo Monkey (Macaca ochreata) and its Association with Birds in the Tanjung Peropa Wildlife Sanctuary, Southeast Sulawesi 2022-11-09T23:23:41+00:00 Amirullah Amirullah amirullah.uho@gmail.com Muhsin Muhsin amirullah.uho@gmail.com Nurfadillah Nurfadillah amirullah.uho@gmail.com <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="300"> <p><em>Macaca ochreata </em>merupakan primata endemik Sulawesi yang semakin terancam dan hanya terdapat di Sulawesi Tenggara. Hewan ini dianggap hama karena mengganggu tanaman budidaya. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui jenis tumbuhan pakan dan burung yang yang berasosi dengan <em>Macaca ochreata</em>. Kegiatan ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Agustus-September 2020, di wilayah perkebunan masyarakat yang berbatasan dengan hutan Suaka Margasatwa Tanjung Peropa, Kecamatan Moramo, Kabupaten Konawe Selatan. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan metode observasi pada jalur yang dilewati kawanan <em>Macaca ochreata</em>. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif dan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel dan gambar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pakan <em>Macaca ochreata </em>terdiri atas 14 jenis tumbuhan dari 9 famili, Beringin (<em>Ficus benjamina</em>) merupakan jenis pakan yang paling dipilih (20,9%) diikuti tawon ara (<em>Ficus microcarapa</em>) sebesar 10,8%, dao (<em>Dracontomelon dao</em>) dan yang terendah adalah simpur (<em>Dilenia</em> indica) 3,2%. Bagian tumbuhan yang dimakan oleh <em>Macaca ochreata </em>yaitu bagian buah (67%), buah dan bunga (24,1%), pucuk daun (12,7%) dan bunga dan daun (5,7%). Hewan ini berasosiasi dengan burung kadalan sulawesi dan burung srigunting jambul rambut</p> <p> </p> <p>Kata kunci: Endemik<em>, M. ochreata, R. calyorhynchus, </em>Tanjung Beropa.</p> <p> </p> </td> <td width="300"> <p><em>Macaca ochreata is an endemic primate of Sulawesi which is increasingly threatened with extinction only in Southeast Sulawesi. These animals are considered pests because they often interfere with cultivated plants. This study aims to determine the types of forage plants and birds associated with Macaca ochreata. This activity was carried out in August-September 2020, in a community plantation area bordering the Tanjung Peropa Wildlife Reserve forest, Moramo District, South Konawe Regency. Sampling was carried out using the observation method on the path traversed by the Macaca ochreata herd. Data were analyzed descriptively and presented in the form of tables and figures. The results showed that Macaca ochreata's diet consisted of 14 plant species from 9 families, banyan (Ficus benjamina) was the most preferred type of feed (20.9%) followed by fig wasp (Ficus microcarapa) 10.8%, dao (Dracontomelon dao) and the lowest was simpur (Dilenia indica) 3.2%. The plant parts that Macaca ochreata eats are fruit (67%), fruit and flowers (24.1%), leaf shoots (12.7%) and flowers and leaves (5.7%). This animal is associated with the Sulawesi monitor lizard and the crested srigunting bird</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p>Keywords: <em>Endemic, M. ochreata, R. calyorhynchus, </em>Tanjung Beropa.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-11-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH) http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/article/view/265 Identification of Potential Fungus as Plant Pest Organisms and Causes of Diseases in Cultivated Plants in Pekanbaru 2022-11-09T23:23:49+00:00 Hari Kapli hari.kapli@lecturer.unri.ac.id Desfitri Athifahullaila hari.kapli@lecturer.unri.ac.id <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="300"> <p>Cendawan merupakan organisme yang mengganggu pertumbuhan tanaman seperti Jeruk kasturi, kedelai,gandum, dan tomat. Tujuan penelitain ini adalah untuk memeriksa potensi cendawan patogen yang dapat merusak tanaman budidaya seperti jeruk kasturi, gandum, kedelai dan tomat karena semua tanaman yang telah terinfeksi penyakit tidak akan bisa melakukan aktivitas fisiologi secara sempurna, sehingga tanaman tersebut akan mengalami penurunan kualitas dan kuantitas produksi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif ek<em>sp</em>loratif dengan melakukan identifikasi cendawan pada daun jeruk kasturi, biji kedelai, daun gandum dan daun tomat dengan metode identifikasi makroskopis dan mikroskopis serta blotter test. Cendawan pada daun jeruk kasturi diidentifikasi sebagai <em>Colletrotichum sp. </em>dan <em>Nigrospora sp. </em>(non OPTK), sedangkan pada gandum yaitu <em>Tilletia Indica </em>(OPTK kategori A1), dan padatanaman tomat yaitu <em>Fusarium oxysporium </em>dan <em>Curvularia lunata </em>(OPTK). Pada biji kedelai diperoleh<em>Peronospora manshurica, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus</em>dan <em>Penicillium chrysogenum</em>.</p> <p> </p> <p>Kata kunci: Cendawan patogen, tanaman budidaya, Organisme Pengganggu Tanaman Karantina.</p> </td> <td width="300"> <p><em>Fungi are organisms that interfere with the growth of plants such as musk oranges, soybeans, wheat, and tomatoes. The purpose of this study was to examine the potential for pathogenic fungi that can damage cultivated plants such as kaffir lime, wheat, soybeans and tomatoes because all plants that have been infected with the disease will not be able to carry out physiological activities perfectly, so that these plants will experience a decrease in quality and quantity. production. This research is an exploratory descriptive study by identifying the fungus on kaffir lime leaves, soybean seeds, wheat leaves and tomato leaves with macroscopic and microscopic identification methods and blotter test. The fungus on kaffir lime leaves was identified as Colletrotichum sp. and Nigrospora sp. (non-OPTK), while in wheat, namely Tilletia Indica (OPTK category A1), and in tomato plants, namely Fusarium oxysporium and Curvularia lunata (OPTK). In soybean seeds obtained Peronospora manshurica, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and Penicillium chrysogenum.</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Cultivated plants, Pathogenic fungi, Quarantined Plant Destruction Organisms.</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-11-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH) http://jurnalbiologi.fmipa.unila.ac.id/index.php/jbekh/article/view/216 Quantitative and Descriptive Paradermal Anatomy of Dendrobium discolour and Phalaenopsis amabilis Orchid Leaves 2022-11-14T04:07:02+00:00 Tundjung Tripeni Handayani tundjungtripenihandayani@gmail.com Eko Pramono ekopramono@gmail.com <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><em>Dendrobium</em> dan <em>Phalaenopsis</em> merupakan sumber daya genetik anggrek yang semakin langka, sehingga perlu dilakukan upaya pemuliaan untuk melestarikannya. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui karakter morfologi dan anatomi <em>Dendrobium</em> dan <em>Phalaenopsis</em>. Metode yang digunakan yakni sayatan paradermal pada epidermis daun anggrek yang diamati secara mikroskopik, kuantitas anatominya, dan kualitas gambarnya. Penelitian ini menggunakan faktor tunggal dengan dua jenis anggrek yang digunakan dalam rancangan acak kelompok, serta variabel kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kedua permukaan <em>Dendrobium</em> memiliki Panjang dan lebar stomata yang hampir sama, sedangkan pada <em>Phalaenopsis</em> pada permukaan bawah daun memiliki ukuran stomata yang sedikit lebih besar dibandingkan dengan permukaan atas. <em>Dendrobium</em> memiliki bentuk sel epidermis atas heksagonal, jenis stomata <em>parasite</em> dan bagian bawah tetrasitik, sedangkan daun <em>Phalaenopsis</em> di permukaan bawah dan atas adalah tetrasitik. Stomata terdapat pada permukaan atas dan bawah daun anggrek <em>Dendrobium</em> dan <em>Phalaenopsis</em>. Berdasarkan dari penelitian yang telah dilakukan terdapat perbedaan pada jumlah stomata, bentuk sel epidermis dan jenis stomata pada permukaan daun atas dan bawah anggrek <em>Dendrobium</em> maupun <em>Phalaenopsis</em>.</p> <p> </p> <p>Kata kunci: Anatomi, Anggrek, <em>Dendrobium</em>, Paradermal, <em>Phalaenopsis</em>.</p> <p> </p> </td> <td> <p><em>Dendrobium and Phalaenopsis are genetic resources of orchids that are increasingly rare, so breeding efforts are needed to preserve them. The purpose of this study was to determine the morphological and anatomical characters of Dendrobium and Phalaenopsis. This research was conducted in April-September 2021 at the Botanical Laboratory of the Biology Department, University of Lampung. The method used is a paradermal incision on the epidermis of orchid leaves which was observed microscopically, the anatomical quantity, and the image quality.</em> <em>This study used a single factor with two types of orchids used in a randomized block design, as well as qualitative and quantitative variables. The results showed that the two surfaces of Dendrobium had almost the same length and width of stomata, while Phalaenopsis on the lower surface of the leaves had stomata size which was slightly larger than the upper surface. Dendrobium has a hexagonal upper epidermal cell shape, parasite stomata type and the bottom is tetracytic, while Phalaenopsis leaves on the lower and upper surfaces are tetracytic. Stomata are found on the upper and lower surfaces of the leaves of Dendrobium and Phalaenopsis orchids. Based on the research that has been done, there are differences in the number of stomata, the shape of the epidermal cells and the type of stomata on the upper and lower leaf surfaces of Dendrobium and Phalaenopsis orchids.</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Anatomy, Orchid, Dendrobium, Paradermal, Phalaenopsis.</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH)