Plankton Community Structure as a Bioindicator of Water Quality in the Way Sekampung River- the Segment of Rulung Helok

Main Article Content

Tugiyono Tugiyono
Ubaid Jan Ayuni
Priyambodo Priyambodo
Gregorius Nugroho Susanto

Keywords

community structure plankton, way sekampung river

Abstract

Planktons are microorganisms that live in aquatic habitats. Plankton is used as a quality bioindicator of a water body. Way Sekampung flows to several areas in Lampung Province. The existence of activities around the watershed such as settlements, agriculture, and industrial waste disposal is thought to affect the water quality of the Way Sekampung River. The purpose of this study was to determine the water quality of Way Sekampung River based on plankton community structure consisting of abundance index, diversity index, uniformity index, and dominance index. Water sample data were analyzed using chemical parameters namely pH, BOD, DO, Phosphate, Nitrate, and physical parameters namely temperature and Total Suspended Solid (TSS) which are used to determine the status of water quality standards. This research was conducted at the beginning of the dry season (April) and the beginning of the rainy season (October). Sampling used a survey method based on the Way Sekampung River segment. Sampling points were carried out before and after the Argoguruh Dam. The results showed that the water quality of Way Sekampung River at the beginning of the dry season (April) and the beginning of the rainy season (October) were moderately polluted based on the analysis of plankton community structure such as abundance index, diversity, uniformity, and dominance.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] I. K. Aryana, “Analysis of Water Quality and the physical environment in Spring Water Protection in the Tabanan I Health Center Working Area, Tabanan Regency,” Thesis, Udayana University Postgraduate Program, Bali, 2018.
[2] Nontji, Plankton Laut. Jakarta: LIPI, 2008.
[3] Mujiyanto, D. W. H. Tjahjo, and Y. Sugianti, “Hubungan antara kelimpahan fitoplankton dengan konsentrasi n:p pada daerah keramba jaring apung (kja) di waduk ir. H. Djuanda,” LIMNOTEK, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 15–25, 2011.
[4] Handayani, “Studi Awal tentang sistem Penyediaan Air Bersih di Desa Karangduwur Kecamatan Kalikajar Kabupaten Swonosobo,” Skripsi, UNNES, Semarang, 2010.
[5] P. E. Odum, Dasar-Dasar Ekologi. Diterjemahkan oleh Tjahjono, Edisi Ketiga. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, 1998.
[6] S. H. Siregar, A. Mulyadi, and O. J. Hasibuan, “Struktur Komunitas Diatom Epilitk (Bacillariophyceae) Pada Lambung Kapal di Perairan Dumai, Provinsi Riau,” Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan. , vol. 2, no. 2, 2008.
[7] A. Sh. S. T. Nastini, “Struktur Komunitas Plankton dan Kondisi Lingkungan Perairan di Teluk Jakarta. Balai Penelitian Pemulihan dan Konservasi Sumberdaya Ikan Jatiluhur, Purwakarta,” Jurnal, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 131–150, 2013.
[8] E. P. Odum, Dasar-Dasar Ekologi. Diterjemahkan oleh Tjahjono Samingan. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, 1996.
[9] Y. V. Munthe, R. Aryawati, and Isnaini, “Struktur Komunitas dan Sebaran Fitoplankton di Perairan Sungsang Sumatera Selatan,” Maspari Journal, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 122–130, 2012.
[10] Insafitri, “Keanekaragaman, Keseragaman, dan Dominasi Bivalvia di Muara Sungai Porong sebagai Area Buangan Lumpur Lapindo,” REKAYASA, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 8–13, 2009.
[11] U. Amin, “Komposisi dan Keragaman Jenis Plankton di Perairan Teluk Kupang Provinsi Nus Tenggara Timur,” Torani, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 129–135, 2008.
[12] I. Nuraina, Fahrizal, and H. Prayogo, “Analisa Komposisi dan Keanekaragaman Jenis Tegakan Penyusun Hutan Tembawang Jelomuk di Desa Meta Bersatu Kecamatan Sayan Kabupaten Melawi,” JURNAL HUTAN LESTARI, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 137–146, 2018.
[13] H. Basmi, Plankton Sebagai Indikator Kualitas Perairan. Bogor: IPB Press, 2000.
[14] A. M. PIRZAN and P. R. PONG-MASAK, “Relationship between phytoplankton diversity and water quality of Bauluang Island in Takalar Regency, South Sulawesi,” Biodiversitas, vol. 9, no. 3, Jun. 2008, doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d090314.
[15] H. Effendi, Water Quality Assessment for Management of Aquatic Resources and Environment. . Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2003.
[16] M. Rumanti et al., “HUBUNGAN ANTARA KANDUNGAN NITRAT DAN FOSFAT DENGAN KELIMPAHAN FITOPLANKTON DI SUNGAI BREMI KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN,” DIPONEGORO JOURNAL OF MAQUARES, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 168–176, 2014, [Online]. Available: http://ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/maquares
[17] S. Bahri, “Identification of Nitrogen (N) and Phosphorus (P) Pollution Sources on the Abundant Growth of Aquatic Plants in Tempe Lake, South Sulawesi,” Journal of Water Resources, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 159–174, 2016.
[18] A. Gazali, D. Suheriyanto, and Romaidi, “Makrozoobenthos Biodiversity as Bioindicator of Water Quality in Ranu Pani- Ranu Regulon, Bromo Tangger Semeru National Park,” Jurnal Pendidikan Sains, no. SP002-011, 2011.
[19] PPID IPB, “Tim IPB University Berikan Respon Cepat Terhadap Fenomena Munculnya Lapisan Coklat Tebal di Teluk Bima.,” https://ppid.ipb.ac.id/tim-ipb-university-berikan-respon-cepat-terhadap-fenomena-munculnya-lapisan-coklat-tebal-di-teluk-bima/ .
[20] G. Wattayakom, “Nutrien in Estuarine,” Ranong, 1988.
[21] Williams JDH and T Mayer, Effects of Sediment Diageneis and Regeneration of Phosphorus with Special Reference to Lakes Eire and Ontarion. Nutrients in Natural Water. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1972.
[22] N. Gypens, A. V. Borges, and C. Lancelot, “Effect of eutrophication on air-sea CO2 fluxes in the coastal Southern North Sea: A model study of the past 50 years,” Glob Chang Biol, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 1040–1056, 2009, doi: 10.1111/j.1365- 2486.2008.01773.x.
[23] F. J. L. Risamasu and H. B. Prayitno, “Kajian Zat Hara Fosfat, Nitrit, Nitrat dan Silikat di Perairan Kepulauan Matasiri, Kalimantan Selatan,” Ilmu Kelautan, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 135–142, 2011.
[24] J. Casalí et al., “Sediment production and water quality of waterheds with contrasting land use in Navarre (Spain),” Agric Water Manag, vol. 97, no. 10, pp. 1683–1694, Oct. 2010, doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2010.05.024.
[25] B. Hamuna, R. H. R Tanjung, and H. K. Maury, “Concentration of Ammonia, Nitrate and Phosphate in Depapre District Water, Jayapura Regency,” Enviro Scienteae, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 8–15, 2018.