Physical Quality Characteristics of Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora Beans

Authors

  • Ika Priantari Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember
  • Hendy Firmanto Pusat Penelitian Kopi Kakao Indonesia (PPKKI)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/jbekh.v9i2.267

Keywords:

Bean quality, Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, physical characteristics

Abstract

Komoditas kopi merupakan komoditas yang banyak digemari dengan Coffea arabica dan Coffea canephora sebagai kopi yang sering kali dibudidayakan di Indonesia. Kopi harus memenuhi kualitas Standar Nasional Indonesia, karenanya pada penelitian ini ditempuh metode identifikasi mutu kopi mengacu pada (SNI) 2907-2008. Sampel dalam penelitian ini yaitu kopi arabika (Coffea arabica) varietas Andungsari 2K (AS 2K), Komasti (Komposit Andungsari), serta kopi robusta (Coffea canephora) asal KP Kaliwining dan KP Sumberasin (SA). Hasil data penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kopi arabika hasil panen 2021 sesuai dengan uji mutu fisik SNI 01-02907-2008, varietas Andungsari 2K masuk dalam kategori mutu 2, dan Komasti masuk dalam kategori mutu 2. Kopi robusta hasil panen 2021 berdasarkan uji fsik sesuai dengan SNI 01-02907-2008, BP 308 masuk dalam kategori mutu 3, dan SA 237 masuk dalam kategori mutu 6.

 

Kata kunci: Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, karakteristik fisik, kualitas biji

Coffee is a very popular commodity, with Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora being the most commonly cultivated coffees in Indonesia. Coffee must meet the quality requirements of the Indonesian National Standard, so the method of determining coffee quality used in this study is (SNI) 2907-2008. The arabica coffee (Coffea arabica) Andungsari 2K varieties (AS 2K), Komasti (Andungsari Composites), and robusta coffee (Coffea canephora) clones of KP Kaliwining and KP Sumberasin were used in this study (SA). According to the findings of the research, arabica coffee harvested in 2021 meets the physical quality test of SNI 01-02907-2008, the Andungsari 2K variety is in quality category 2, and Komasti is in quality category 2.

 

Keywords: Bean quality, Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, physical characteristics

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References

Aklimawati, L., Yusianto, & Mawardi, S. (2014). Characteristic of Quality Profile and Agribusiness of Robusta Coffee in Tambora Mountainside Sumbawa. Pelita Perkebunan, 30(2), 159–180. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22302/iccri.jur.pelitaperkebunan.v30i2.1

Badan Standardisasi Nasional. (2004). Kopi Bubuk SNI 01-3542-2004. Standar Nasional Indonesia, 1.

Budiyanto, B., Uker, D., & Izahar, T. (2021). Physical Characteristics of Coffee Beans and Quality of Ground Coffee Sintaro 2 and Sintaro 3 with Various Roast Levels. Jurnal Agroindustri, 11(1), 54–71. https://doi.org/10.31186/j.agroindustri.11.1.54-71 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31186/j.agroindustri.11.1.54-71

Devi C, R. Hanung I, E. K. (2013). Indonesian Robusta Coffee Trade Prospects In The International Markets. JIIA, 1(1), 11–15.

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Published

2022-11-06

How to Cite

Priantari, I., & Firmanto, H. (2022). Physical Quality Characteristics of Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora Beans . Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen Dan Keanekaragaman Hayati (J-BEKH), 9(2), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.23960/jbekh.v9i2.267